Vitiligo is a disorder in which patches of skin lose their color. With time, the discolored spots normally grow larger. The illness can affect any portion of the body’s skin. Hair and the interior of the mouth can also be affected. Melanin is responsible for the color of hair and skin in most cases. When cells that create melanin die or cease working, vitiligo develops. Vitiligo affects people of all skin types, however it is more visible in those who have darker skin. Vitiligo is neither infectious or life-threatening, however most of those with vitiligo can have substantial emotional stress due to the nature of the disfigurement.
Vitiligo treatment may help to restore color to the damaged skin. However, it does not prevent further skin color loss or a recurrence.
The quantity of melanin generated by specialized cells known as melanocytes determines the color of the skin. When these melanocytes lose their capacity to produce pigment as a result of skin inflammation, vitiligo develops. Vitiligo can be caused by any of the following factors: Autoimmune conditions, Family history or genetics, triggering events, such as stress or severe sunburns.
The discoloration may affect specific and certain areas of your body or be more widespread depending on the type of vitiligo you have. Vitiligo patients are at higher risks of acquiring certain skin complications, such as sunburn in the affected regions.
There are several treatments that can aid in the restoration of pigment, but laser treatment is a safe, non-invasive, and effective option.
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