Skin cancer is the most common type of cancer in the United States, with one out of every five Americans developing a form of skin cancer by the age of 70. Early diagnosis and timely intervention is crucial for a good prognosis. Basal cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma, and melanoma are the three most common types of skin cancer. Most non-melanoma skin malignancies are linked to sun’s radiation UV energy. As a result, the first line of defense against skin cancer is sun protection. Skin cancer is highly treatable if found early and treated correctly. The first step is to have your skin examined by a board-certified dermatologist. Any noticeable changes in the skin such as spots that have changed in size, shape, or color should be reported to your physician. Suspicious lesions are biopsied, and a pathologist determines the type of cells found in the sample, as well as whether cancer has been diagnosed. Among the treatments offered are traditional surgery, scraping and burning, freezing, radiation, topical medicines, and Mohs micrographic surgery.
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