Eczema is the name given to a group of skin disorders that cause itching and irritation all over the body. Eczema comes in many different kinds, but atopic dermatitis is one of the most frequent. It’s most frequent among children, although it can strike anyone at any age. Atopic dermatitis is a long-term (chronic) condition that flares up from time to time. It’s possible that it’ll be coupled with asthma or hay fever. A cure for atopic dermatitis has yet to be discovered. Treatments and self-care techniques, on the other hand, can help to alleviate irritation and prevent future outbreaks. Avoiding harsh soaps, moisturizing your skin regularly, and applying medicated lotions or ointments are all beneficial.
Healthy skin protects you from bacteria, irritants, and allergens while also retaining moisture. Eczema is caused by a mutation in a gene that compromises the skin’s capacity to protect itself. This enables environmental factors, irritants, and allergens to damage your skin. Eczema patients frequently have overactive immune systems that react to harmless exogenous stimuli.
Common triggers of eczema include: dry skin, irritants such as nickel, cigarette smoke, and certain disinfectants, stress, hot climate, sweating, allergens such as fragrances.
Controlling the symptoms is the objective of any eczema therapy. Topical corticosteroids, which have anti-inflammatory properties, antibiotics, antihistamines, light therapy, and injectable medicines are all common therapeutic choices.
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