Psoriasis is a skin condition that causes red, itchy scaly patches on the knees, elbows, trunk, and scalp, among other places. Under normal circumstances, the skin produces new cells every day and loses old cells at a similar pace, allowing the new skin to gradually replace the old. However, in Psoriasis patients, inflammation causes new skin cells to be created at a quicker pace than old skin cells are shed. This causes skin cells to collect and to produce itchy, painful patches. Psoriasis is a chronic (long-term) condition that has no cure. It goes through cycles, with flare-ups lasting a few weeks or months, then diminishing or going into remission. However there are treatments available to assist you in managing your symptoms.
Types of Psoriasis
There are several types of of Psoriasis, including:
Although the specific etiology of psoriasis is unknown, it is believed to be an immune system problem. Researchers believe it is caused by a mix of hereditary and environmental factors. There are a number of factors that might increase your chances of acquiring psoriasis, including:
Treatments for psoriasis try to limit the proliferation of skin cells, while also removing scales and plaques. Topical treatment, light and laser therapy, and oral or injectable drugs are some of the choices used to treat psoriasis.
Psoriasis can be treated with a variety of drugs, but laser treatment is a safe, non-invasive, and effective option.
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